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20th July, 2017
Application of evidence-based medicine in negligence claims
Medical negligence is established when a doctor had a duty of care to the patient, there was a breach in the duty of care and the patient suffered damage as a direct result of the breach in duty of care.

The Bolam test has been traditionally used to assess two main issues of medical negligence - the standard of care as required by the law and whether the doctor accused of medical negligence has complied with that standard of care. This is decided by the medical opinion of expert 'experienced' doctors.
The Bolam test is satisfied if it is the opinion of the experts that the medical practice followed by the doctor is proper, even in the event of a mishap. Then he/she is not guilty of medical negligence. "A doctor is not guilty of negligence if he has acted in accordance with a practice accepted as proper by a responsible body of medical men skilled in that particular art... a doctor is not negligent if he is acting in accordance with such a practice, merely because there is a body of opinion that takes a contrary view." (Bolam v Friern Hospital)
Dr KK Aggarwal
National President IMA & HCFI
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Incidence of allergic disorders is on the rise in the country due to various factors

New Delhi, 19 July 2017: Statistics indicate that about 20% to 30% of the Indian population is afflicted with allergic rhinitis. Allergic disorders have increased markedly in the country in the past two decades. As per the IMA, almost one in two people exhibit an allergic response to some common environmental factor. 
Allergic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease affecting one-third of the worldwide population. Low acceptance level for the disease exacerbates the condition. What is more alarming is that many people indulge in self-medication by using over-the-counter drugs, which do not provide any relief most of the time.
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