Researchers from McMaster University, Canada have found that 10 potentially modifiable risk factors are collectively associated with about 90% of strokes, 91•5% for ischemic stroke, 87•1% for intracerebral hemorrhage, worldwide in each major region of the world, among ethnic groups, in men and women, and in all ages.
The following 10 risk factors were found to be significantly associated with 90% of the risk of stroke:
- High blood pressure
- Waist-to-hip ratio (abdominal obesity)
- Physical activity
- Diabetes mellitus
- Alcohol intake
- Stress and depression
- Heart disorders
Hypertension was more associated with intracerebral hemorrhage than with ischemic stroke, whereas current smoking, diabetes, apolipoproteins, and cardiac causes were more associated with ischemic stroke.