Every hospital admission is associated with a risk of acquiring infection
Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri
A hospital-acquired infection (HAI), or nosocomial infection is an infection, which usually occurs 48 hours after admission. It is not related to the original condition and is neither present nor incubating at the time of admission. HAIs are also sometimes called health care-associated infections (HCAIs) to include both hospital and non-hospital settings. HCAIs occur during the process of care in a hospital or other health care facility. They can occur in any type of setting where patients receive care, even after discharge. The most common nosocomial infections include surgical wound infections, respiratory infections, genitourinary infections and gastrointestinal infections.
The most widely accepted definition of HCAIs was given by Friedman et al (BMC Med. 2014;12:40), who defined it as an infection present at hospital admission or within 48 hours of admission in patients that fulfilled any of the following criteria:
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Neonatal sepsis is a fatal condition and can lead to mortality in infants
India witnesses more than 50,000 infant deaths due to this condition every year
New Delhi, 09 July 2018: Hospitalized infants are at high risk of developing drug-resistant hospital-acquired infections due to a rise in bacterial resistance. The susceptibility of newborns to sepsis is compounded, as diagnosing serious bacterial infections in them is challenging and symptoms difficult to detect. About 40% of the global burden of sepsis-related neonatal deaths is in South Asia. In India alone, about 56,500 neonatal deaths every year are attributable to sepsis caused by anti-microbial resistance to drugs.
Neonatal sepsis is a systemic infection occurring in infants at ≤28 days of life and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality of newborns. Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life occurs after 1 week and before 3 months of age. This condition can be attributed to bacteria such as Escherichia coli (E.coli), Listeria, and some strains of streptococcus.